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Orange and Nokia Partner to Accelerate 5G Application Development in Europe

Mon, 05/27/2024 - 14:04

Orange and Nokia are expanding their partnership to advance network programmability and monetization. Using Nokia’s Network as Code platform with developer portal, developers will be able to test and take advantage of Orange’s 5G network capabilities to create applications for customers in France and other parts of Europe.

Orange, one of Europe’s leading telecommunications providers with more than 280 million mobile subscribers, is already providing commercial production grade network API capabilities to developers using the Orange Developer Portal.

Orange aims to accelerate and further tap into the global ecosystem of developers and unlock 5G network capabilities such as dynamic bandwidth allocation, real-time location insights, predictive maintenance, and event-driven triggers for security and safety responses.

To make that happen, Nokia’s Network as Code platform with developer portal will provide application developers with access to Software Development Kits (SDK); Network API documentation, a ‘sandbox’ to create software code for use case simulation and testing; and code ‘snippets’ that can be included in new applications in addition to Orange Developer Portal.

As a result of this expanded partnership, an extension of Orange and Nokia’s long-standing relationship, developers will have the tools to leverage Orange’s network features, develop new use cases, and create new value for developer and Orange customers.

As part of the first step in their network API collaboration, Orange and Nokia co-hosted a “Network as Code Hackathon” on May 23-24 at France’s premier tech start-up conference, Viva Tech. This hackathon provided a forum for developers to build new, innovative use cases and applications using Nokia’s Network as Code platform with developer portal.

Going forward, as part of the expanded partnership, Orange and Nokia will further engage with the developer community by enabling pre-commercial use case support while leveraging network API expertise and network capabilities provided by both partners. This pilot program will become available progressively in select European countries at first by leveraging Orange 5G Labs network.

Nokia’s Network as Code platform with developer portal brings together telco networks, systems integrators, and software developers from around the world into a unified ecosystem to accelerate the development of software applications that can harness the untapped capabilities of 5G and 4G networks.

The platform uses technical standards produced through industry initiatives such as the GSMA Open Gateway initiative and the Linux Foundation CAMARA. Nokia and Orange contribute to both initiatives. Orange has already implemented Linux Foundation CAMARA’s guidelines and first commercial grade APIs are available in France and Spain.

Nokia has signed collaboration agreements with 12 network operators and ecosystem partners around the world to use its Network as Code platform with developer portal.

The post Orange and Nokia Partner to Accelerate 5G Application Development in Europe appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

DNB and Ericsson Complete Multi-band Booster Solution Trial in 5G Network

Fri, 05/24/2024 - 10:51

Digital Nasional Berhad (DNB) and Ericsson have successfully trialed what is known in the industry as a Multi-band Booster solution, which combines the best characteristics of the traditional microwave (6-42 GHz) and E-band (70/80 GHz) band frequencies to boost the capacity, reach and coverage of the 5G network.

The Multi-band Booster solution combines the high availability of the lower frequency microwave bands with the high capacity of the E-band, which then can be used over much longer distances and wider geographical areas; significantly extending reach and boosting the overall network capacity.

The combination of the high data throughput, low latency coverage, reliability and simplified outdoor deployment enabled by the Multi-band Booster solution make it suitable for applications like fixed wireless access and requirements introduced by 5G Advanced.

It will also enhance the amount of data that can be transmitted between cell towers and Mobile Network Operator cores (the backhaul connectivity) in the network.

The solution allows 5G and 5G Advanced services to be introduced faster for the benefit of consumers, in rural and underserved communities. For enterprise users, the solution can be used to connect different sites within enterprise networks with high capacity and minimum indoor footprint, without having to wait for fiber to be available, which will expedite their digitalization journey.

The fully outdoor solution also does away with the need for a room or cooling requirements, which makes it greener and energy sustainable.

It allows the E-band (using Ericsson’s MINI-LINK 6352) to be combined with traditional microwave bands (using Ericsson’s MINI-LINK 6365 + MINI-LINK 6371) to leverage the strengths of both frequency ranges. This combination will extend the reach and capacity of microwave links and significantly improve the use of spectrum. The reach of E-band is extended up to two times while the capacity of the traditional band is enhanced by five times.

The post DNB and Ericsson Complete Multi-band Booster Solution Trial in 5G Network appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

The Future of Connectivity: This Week in 5G, Wireless, and FWA

Sat, 05/18/2024 - 12:22

Here’s a roundup of key happenings in the 5G, wireless, and fixed wireless (FWA) domains across the globe this week.

5G Deployment Update:

  • US Carriers Focus on FWA Expansion: Major US carriers like Verizon hinted at expanding their fixed wireless access (FWA) offerings, potentially utilizing 5G technology to deliver high-speed internet to underserved areas. This could create competition with traditional cable and fiber optic internet service providers.
  • India Makes Strides in Spectrum Auction: News outlets might have reported on India’s successful auction of 5G spectrum, paving the way for wider deployment in the country. This significant development is expected to boost India’s mobile broadband infrastructure and unlock new opportunities for businesses and consumers.

AI and Machine Learning Integration Takes Center Stage:

  • Industry Focuses on Network Optimization with AI: News articles might have highlighted advancements in using AI and machine learning to optimize 5G network performance. This could involve dynamic resource allocation, congestion management, and predictive maintenance, leading to a more reliable and efficient user experience.
  • Focus on Security with AI: Industry discussions might have emphasized the use of AI for enhanced security in 5G networks. AI-powered solutions can help detect and mitigate cyber threats, protecting critical infrastructure and user data.

Fixed Wireless Access Gains Traction:

  • T-Mobile Expands Wi-Fi Software for FWA: News might have reported on T-Mobile partnering with a company like Airties to deploy its Wi-Fi software for 5G Home Internet customers. This move aims to improve in-home Wi-Fi performance and coverage for a better fixed wireless broadband experience.
  • Legal Battles Over Interference: News outlets might have covered lawsuits like Bloosurf suing T-Mobile regarding potential 5G network interference. These legal challenges highlight the need for careful spectrum management and coordination between different wireless service providers.

Mergers and Acquisitions in the Spotlight:

  • DZS Acquires Casa Systems’ NetComm Business: The acquisition of Casa Systems’ NetComm business by DZS could lead to consolidation and potentially impact the fixed wireless access equipment market. This move is worth following to see how it affects product offerings and competition in the FWA space.

Beyond the Headlines:

  • Keep an eye out for developments in:
    • Open RAN (Open Radio Access Network) advancements and their impact on network equipment vendors.
    • Progress in millimeter wave (mmWave) technology for ultra-fast wireless data transmission.
    • Regulatory changes and policy decisions affecting the 5G and FWA landscape globally.

The post The Future of Connectivity: This Week in 5G, Wireless, and FWA appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

How Generative AI and Machine Learning are Revolutionizing 5G Networks

Sat, 05/18/2024 - 00:35

The 5G revolution is transforming how we connect and interact with the world. But the story doesn’t end there. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are poised to take 5G networks to the next level, unlocking a future of intelligent, adaptable, and hyper-connected experiences. In this blog, we’ll explore the potential of generative AI and how AI and ML, as a whole, are revolutionizing 5G networks.

AI and ML are not new concepts, but their integration with 5G unlocks exciting possibilities. Here’s how they’re making a difference:

  • Network Optimization: AI algorithms can analyze vast amounts of network data in real-time, identifying congestion points and dynamically allocating resources to optimize performance. This ensures seamless user experiences for applications like streaming, gaming, and AR/VR.
  • Predictive Maintenance: ML models can analyze network behavior to predict potential failures before they occur. This proactive approach minimizes downtime and ensures network reliability.
  • Personalized Services: AI can personalize network experiences based on individual user preferences and behavior. This could translate to customized bandwidth allocation, content delivery optimization, and even proactive security measures.

Generative AI, a subfield of AI that can create entirely new data, adds another layer of innovation to 5G networks:

  • Network Simulation and Testing: Generative AI can create realistic network scenarios to test and validate new technologies and configurations in a virtual environment. This reduces the time and cost associated with traditional testing methods.
  • Content Optimization: Generative AI can analyze user preferences and network conditions to optimize content delivery. Imagine automatically tailoring video quality based on available bandwidth for a seamless streaming experience.
  • Network Slicing on Steroids: Generative AI can create dynamic network slices tailored to specific needs – from low-latency for autonomous vehicles to high-bandwidth for immersive entertainment. This flexibility allows for efficient resource allocation and caters to diverse applications without compromising performance.

The integration of AI and ML into 5G networks is still in its early stages. However, the potential for transformative change is undeniable. As technology evolves, we can expect to see even more innovative applications of AI and generative AI in 5G networks, including:

  • Self-Healing Networks: Networks that can automatically detect and resolve issues without human intervention.
  • Enhanced Security: AI-powered anomaly detection and threat mitigation to protect against cyberattacks and ensure network integrity.
  • The Rise of the Connected Society: Seamless integration between physical and digital worlds, powered by AI-driven 5G networks.

With AI and ML leading the charge, 5G networks are poised to become the intelligent backbone of our future, fostering innovation, optimizing experiences, and ushering in a new era of hyper-connectivity.

The post How Generative AI and Machine Learning are Revolutionizing 5G Networks appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

T-Mobile Deploys 5G Solutions At The PGA Championship

Thu, 05/16/2024 - 22:29

T-Mobile has deployed it’s cutting-edge 5G solutions at the PGA Championship to elevate the fan experience for the millions watching at home and hundreds of thousands at Valhalla Golf Club from May 15–19. Through T-Mobile’s 5G Advanced Network Solutions (ANS), PGA of America will leverage golf’s 5G private network in the U.S. to enable operational efficiencies that bring unprecedented broadcast viewing experiences for golf fans everywhere. Plus, T-Mobile is enhancing the experience for spectators onsite with network slicing and the nation’s leading 5G network. Fans will get:

  • Enhanced views of Hole 13: For the first time in golf, 5G will be implemented into a live broadcast. Using the capabilities of a T-Mobile 5G private network, CBS Sports will be able to use 5G-connected cameras for new angles of the iconic Hole 13, and cinematic quality footage, giving fans more hero shots of their favorite players at Valhalla.
  • More content with the T5G Range Live Show: Fans can watch brand-new pre-championship coverage live on PGA digital and social channels. T-Mobile’s 5G private network and 5G POV cameras will bring fans an exclusive, up-close look at the action on the practice range while PGA coaches and expert commentators provide valuable insights and analysis on the players’ warm-up sessions. Fans will also get detailed stats, including ball speed, apex, curve, distance and more.
  • A Club Magenta experience on the course: Guests at Valhalla can get up close and personal with T-Mobile athletes like Tony Finau, Wyndham Clark and Max Homa in a live Q&A at Club Magenta, a VIP lounge with benefits like premium views and complimentary phone charging. And T-Mobile customers can flash their Magenta Status to get even more perks like Fast Lane access to the Club Magenta tent, free T-Mobile merch including chairs for the course AND Magenta cocktails.

5G Behind the Scenes
Producing a live broadcast like the PGA Championship in the face of variables like crowd size, traffic flow and the layout of the course is an incredible effort. It’s also a huge infrastructure lift for fans to have a good experience both onsite and watching from home. 5G is changing that thanks to:

  • Streamlined operations with reduced wiring and cabling: More wireless cameras can mean the course is freed of thousands of feet of wiring and cabling, resulting in faster setup and teardown, and major cost savings potential. Plus, the private network is portable and can be deployed without a major installation effort. The 5G private network also adds capacity to make other systems — like security cameras or ticketing — wireless as well.
  • Fiber-like data transmission speeds for broadcast quality video without the cumbersome cables: Wired, 4K cameras are confined to cables, so they’re limited in number, placement and mobility. And – until now – wireless cameras have been limited to HD versus full 4K resolution. Thanks to T-Mobile’s 5G private network and Sony PDT-FP1 portable data transmitters combined with Sony’s ultra-low latency encoders/decoders, Sony’s FX6 cameras are getting a glass-to-glass latency averaging under 100 milliseconds. These faster speeds open capacity to support more wireless cameras and give production teams creative freedom to provide new angles all around the course.
  • Critical business operations powered through a network slice: By carving out a dedicated channel within the broader 5G macro network, a network slice can help optimize performance and increase the reliability of the concession payment terminals as well as ticketing scanners. This ensures they run smoothly and deliver peak performance and customer experiences, all while the fans onsite at the tournament use their phones without any interruptions.

The post T-Mobile Deploys 5G Solutions At The PGA Championship appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

New Zealand’s 2degrees Selects Nokia 5G Core Running on Red Hat OpenShift

Tue, 05/14/2024 - 02:22

New Zealand communication service provider 2degrees has selected Nokia’s 5G core Registers and Shared Data Layer (SDL) software, which will be deployed on Red Hat OpenShift to more cost-effectively manage data with increased reliability and serviceability for 2degrees’ approximately 1.6 million subscribers.

An existing customer that uses Nokia 5G-based fixed wireless access services, 2degrees offers broadband and mobile services over 3G, 4G and 5G networks covering 98.5% of places New Zealanders live and work, with a nationwide fibre network and modern technology platforms.

Red Hat is Nokia’s primary reference platform for developing, testing and delivering Nokia’s core network applications. By integrating Red Hat OpenShift into the Nokia Cloud Platform, CSPs and enterprises are able to deploy multiple vendors’ applications on the same cloud infrastructure, leading to improvements in operations, faster time-to-market, security and scaling with reduced risk.

As CSPs explore network modernization opportunities with 5G, including core network, open RAN, multi-access edge computing, private 5G and application modernization, they require greater flexibility and options to deploy applications and services on the cloud of their choice This means integration and interoperability are increasingly critical for optimizing network operations.

Nokia is also providing 2degrees with its MantaRay Network Management solution for a consolidated and automated network view for improved network monitoring and management.

Nokia Registers is composed of multiple software functions, such as Authentication Server Function, Unified Data Management, and Home Subscriber Server; while SDL, where data is stored, is composed of multiple software functions, like Unified Data Repository and Unstructured Data Storage Function.

The post New Zealand’s 2degrees Selects Nokia 5G Core Running on Red Hat OpenShift appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

AT&T Launches Enhanced Data Connectivity on the Go

Fri, 05/10/2024 - 00:46

AT&T has announced a new plan giving customers the choice to purchase enhanced data connectivity for real-time responsiveness with the introduction of AT&T Turbo on May 2.

Built to support high-performance mobile applications, like gaming, social video broadcasting and live video conferencing, with optimized data while customers are on the go. AT&T Turbo allows users the choice to optimize their network when they want by adding additional network resources to their mobile data connection.

For example, if customers want less freezing or stuttering and lower latency when milliseconds matter in gaming, AT&T Turbo can help offer real-time responsiveness by improving the performance of customers’ data on the network.

Through the myATT app or online, customers can easily add AT&T Turbo, priced at $7/month per line on eligible plans, when they want it and remove it from their line when they don’t.

Eligible customers will be in control of whether to activate this service, which boosts all the high-speed and hot spot data on a user’s connection while it is active. Consistent with open internet principles, once turned on the boost applies to a customer’s data regardless of the internet content, applications, and services being used.

Latency-sensitive applications will continue to need more enhanced network technologies to perform their best, so AT&T plans to continue to advance and evolve AT&T Turbo.

The post AT&T Launches Enhanced Data Connectivity on the Go appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

O2 Telefónica and Nokia Roll out 5G Standalone Core on AWS Cloud

Wed, 05/08/2024 - 13:22

O2 Telefónica in Germany and Nokia announced today the deployment of 5G standalone core software on Amazon Web Services (AWS). The rollout provides O2 Telefónica with ultra-low latency to deliver advanced 5G services, like extended reality and network slicing, which require instant availability and greater bandwidth capacity.

Nokia’s secure and cloud-native 5G core architecture, including packet core, strengthens O2 Telefónica’s network with more flexible scaling, reliability, and near zero-touch automation for moving and managing workloads.

The deployment underscores Nokia’s multi-cloud ability to migrate existing communication service providers (CSPs) to a range of cloud platform options including public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud; using their choice of cloud platforms and making it easy for CSPs to deploy applications and services on any infrastructure.

Nokia has a total of 107 5G standalone core deployments across the globe.

“We are building our network of the future. With the launch of the new, cloud-based 5G core network, we are doing pioneering work in Europe and we are taking a major step in our transformation process. With the new 5G cloud core, we are moving away from traditional architectures and instead focusing on modern, high-performance, and efficient network technologies. In doing so, we are relying on the quality and global expertise of Nokia and AWS. We offer our customers an excellent 5G experience and new digital applications.”, said Mallik Rao, Chief Technology & Information Officer at O2 Telefónica.

The post O2 Telefónica and Nokia Roll out 5G Standalone Core on AWS Cloud appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

OSIA is Now a Official International Telecoms Union (ITU) Standard

Sun, 05/05/2024 - 14:15

The Secure Identity Alliance (SIA) recently announced that its OSIA specification, is recognized as international standard by the International Telecommunication Union’s Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T). This milestone establishes OSIA as official ITU standard (ITU-T Recommendation) for the global infrastructure of information and communication technologies (ICT).

The specification that is now an ITU-T Recommendation is: ITU-T X.1281 – APIs for interoperability of identity management systems.

ITU-T is the standardization arm of ITU, the United Nations specialized agency for ICT. The Secure Identity Alliance specifications were approved as official ITU-T Recommendations by ITU members including 193 countries and the world’s front-running ICT companies on 1st March 2024. The new ITU-T Recommendation is under the responsibility of ITU’s standardization expert group for security, ITU-T Study Group 17.

X.1281 is at publication stage and can be accessed here: https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/workprog/wp_item.aspx?isn=18778

Secure Identity Alliance (SIA) is a global non-profit association that serves as the voice for public and private actors and organizations active in the secure identity ecosystem and adjacent industries.

A digital public good, OSIA is an open standard set of interfaces (APIs) that enables seamless connectivity between building blocks of the identity management ecosystem – independent of technology, solution architecture or vendor.

The post OSIA is Now a Official International Telecoms Union (ITU) Standard appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

Unveiling the Blueprint of 5G: A Comprehensive Guide to Key 3GPP Specifications

Sun, 05/05/2024 - 01:23

With promises of lightning-fast speeds, ultra-low latency, and ubiquitous connectivity, 5G is poised to transform industries, empower consumers, and redefine the very fabric of our digital existence. But behind the buzzwords and hype lies a complex ecosystem of standards, protocols, and specifications that form the backbone of 5G networks. Developed by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), these specifications provide the blueprint for 5G New Radio (NR), the 5G Core network, and a myriad of other essential components that make up the 5G landscape.

In this comprehensive guide, we delve deep into the world of 5G, unraveling the mysteries of key 3GPP specifications that underpin the next generation of mobile connectivity. From the intricacies of NR radio interfaces to the architecture of the 5G Core network, we explore the technical foundations that enable the seamless delivery of 5G services and experiences.

Here’s a summary of key 3GPP specifications relevant to 5G NR and the 5G Core, along with their specification numbers:

5G New Radio (NR):
  • 3GPP TS 38.1xx, 38.2xx Series This series includes specifications related to the NR radio interface. Key specifications in this series include:
    • TS 38.101 NR; User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception.
    • TS 38.104 NR; Base Station (BS) radio transmission and reception.
    • TS  38.201  NR; Physical layer; General description

    • TS  38.202  NR; Services provided by the physical layer

    • TS  38.211  NR; Physical channels and modulation

    • TS  38.212  NR; Multiplexing and channel coding

    • TS  38.213  NR; Physical layer procedures for control

    • TS  38.214  NR; Physical layer procedures for data

    • TS  38.215  NR; Physical layer measurements

  • 3GPP TS 38.3xx, 38.4xx Series: This series encompasses NR overall architecture, including network protocols and procedures. Key specifications include:
    • TS  38.300 NR; NR and NG-RAN Overall description; Stage-2

    • TS  38.304  NR; User Equipment (UE) procedures in Idle mode and in RRC Inactive state

    • TS  38.305  NG Radio Access Network (NG-RAN); Stage 2 functional specification of User Equipment (UE) positioning in NG-RAN

    • TS  38.306  NR; User Equipment (UE) radio access capabilities

    • TS  38.307  NR; Requirements on User Equipments (UEs) supporting a release-independent frequency band

    • TS  38.314  NR; Layer 2 measurements

    • TS  38.321  NR; Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification

    • TS  38.322  NR; Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol specification

    • TS  38.323  NR; Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) specification

    • TS  38.331  NR; Radio Resource Control (RRC); Protocol specification

    • TS  38.34   NR; Backhaul Adaptation Protocol (BAP) specification

    • TS  38.351  NR; Sidelink Relay Adaptation Protocol (SRAP) Specification

    • TS  38.355  NR; Sidelink Positioning Protocol (SLPP); Protocol Specification

    • TS  38.401  NG-RAN; Architecture description

    • TS  38.41   NG-RAN; NG general aspects and principles

    • TS  38.411  NG-RAN; NG layer 1

    • TS  38.412  NG-RAN; NG signalling transport

    • TS  38.413  NG-RAN; NG Application Protocol (NGAP)

    • TS  38.414  NG-RAN; NG data transport

    • TS  38.415  NG-RAN; PDU session user plane protocol

    • TS  38.42   NG-RAN; Xn general aspects and principles

    • TS  38.421  NG-RAN; Xn layer 1

    • TS  38.422  NG-RAN; Xn signalling transport

    • TS  38.423  NG-RAN; Xn Application Protocol (XnAP)

    • TS  38.424  NG-RAN; Xn data transport

    • TS  38.425  NG-RAN; NR user plane protocol

    • TS  38.455  NG-RAN; NR Positioning Protocol A (NRPPa)

    • TS  38.46   NG-RAN; E1 general aspects and principles

    • TS  38.461  NG-RAN; E1 layer 1

    • TS  38.462  NG-RAN; E1 signalling transport

    • TS  38.463  NG-RAN; E1 Application Protocol (E1AP)

    • TS  38.47   NG-RAN; F1 general aspects and principles

    • TS  38.471  NG-RAN; F1 layer 1

    • TS  38.472  NG-RAN; F1 signalling transport

    • TS  38.473  NG-RAN; F1 Application Protocol (F1AP)

    • TS  38.474  NG-RAN; F1 data transport

    • TS  38.475  NG-RAN; F1 interface user plane protocol

5G Core:
  • 3GPP TS 23.501: System Architecture for the 5G System; This specification provides an overview of the 5G system architecture, including network functions, interfaces, and protocols.
  • 3GPP TS 23.502: Procedures for the 5G System; This specification details procedures related to the 5G system, including registration, session management, mobility management, and handover.
  • 3GPP TS 23.503: Policy and Charging Control Framework for the 5G System; Stage 2. This specification outlines the policy and charging control framework for the 5G system, including policy control functions, charging architecture, and interfaces.
  • 3GPP TS 29.5xx Series: This series covers interfaces and protocols for the 5G Core network. Key specifications include:
    • TS 29.500    5G System; Technical Realization of Service Based Architecture

    • TS 29.501  5G System; Principles and Guidelines for Services Definition

    • TS 29.502  5G System; Session Management Services

    • TS 29.503  5G System; Unified Data Management Services

    • TS 29.504  5G System; Unified Data Repository Services

    • TS 29.505  5G System; Usage of the Unified Data Repository services for Subscription Data

    • TS 29.507  5G System; Access and Mobility Policy Control Service

    • TS 29.508  5G System; Session Management Event Exposure Service

    • TS 29.509  5G System; Authentication Server Services

    • TS 29.51   5G System; Network function repository services

    • TS 29.511  5G System; Equipment Identity Register Services

    • TS 29.512  5G System; Session Management Policy Control Service

    • TS 29.513  5G System; Policy and Charging Control signalling flows and QoS parameter mapping

    • TS 29.514  5G System; Policy Authorization Service

    • TS 29.515  5G System; Gateway Mobile Location Services

    • TS 29.516  5G System; Interworking between 5G Network and external Data Networks

    • TS 29.517  5G System; Application Function Event Exposure Service

    • TS 29.518  5G System; Access and Mobility Management Services

    • TS 29.519  5G System; Usage of the Unified Data Repository Service for Policy Data, Application Data and Structured Data for Exposure

    • TS 29.52   5G System; Network Data Analytics Services

    • TS 29.521  5G System; Binding Support Management Service

    • TS 29.522  5G System; Network Exposure Function Northbound APIs

    • TS 29.523  5G System; Policy Control Event Exposure Service

    • TS 29.524  5G System; Cause codes mapping between 5GC interfaces

    • TS 29.525  5G System; UE Policy Control Service

    • TS 29.526  5G System; Network Slice-Specific and SNPN Authentication and Authorization services

    • TS 29.531  5G System; Network Slice Selection Services

    • TS 29.575  5G System; Analytics Data Repository Services

    • TS 29.576  5G System; Messaging Framework Adaptor Services

    • TS 29.577  5G System; IP Short Message Gateway and SMS Router For Short Message Services

    • TS 29.578  5G System; Mobile Number Portability Services

    • TS 29.579  5G System; Interworking MSC For Short Message Services

    • TS 29.58   5G System; Multicast/Broadcast Service Function services

    • TS 29.581  5G System; Multicast/Broadcast Service Transport Services

These specifications form the foundation of the 5G NR and 5G Core networks, providing detailed guidelines for the design, implementation, and operation of 5G systems.

In addition to the specifications related to 5G New Radio (NR) and the 5G Core network, there are several other relevant 5G specifications developed by 3GPP. Here’s a summary of some of these specifications:

Security:
  • 3GPP TS 33 Series: This series addresses security aspects of 5G networks, including specifications for security architecture, procedures, algorithms, and protocols to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of 5G services and data.
Conformance Testing:
  • 3GPP TS 38.5xx: 3GPP-defined conformance testing. It defines conformance testing procedures and test cases to ensure compliance with 3GPP specifications for NR equipment.
    • TS38.508-1 5GS; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 1: Common test environment

    • TS38.508-2 5GS; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 2: Common Implementation Conformance Statement (ICS) proforma

    • TS  38.509  5GS; Special conformance testing functions for User Equipment (UE)

    • TS  38.521-1 NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Radio transmission and reception; Part 1: Range 1 standalone

    • TS  38.521-2 NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Radio transmission and reception; Part 2: Range 2 standalone

    • TS  38.521-3 NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Radio transmission and reception; Part 3: Range 1 and Range 2 Interworking operation with other radios

    • TS  38.521-4 NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Radio transmission and reception; Part 4: Performance

    • TS  38.521-5 NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Radio transmission and reception; Part 5: Satellite access Radio Frequency (RF) and performance

    • TS  38.522  NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Applicability of radio transmission, radio reception and radio resource management test cases

    • TS  38.523-1 5GS; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 1: Protocol

    • TS  38.523-2 5GS; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 2: Applicability of protocol test cases

    • TS  38.523-3 5GS; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 3: Protocol Test Suites

    • TS  38.533  NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Radio Resource Management (RRM)

    • TS  38.551  NR; User Equipment (UE) Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Over-the-Air (OTA) performance; Conformance testing

    • TS  38.561  NR; User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; UE TRP (Total Radiated Power) and TRS (Total Radiated Sensitivity) requirements and test methodologies for FR1 (NR SA and EN-DC)

These specifications play crucial roles in shaping the overall architecture, functionality, security, and management aspects of 5G networks, ensuring interoperability, reliability, and performance across diverse use cases and deployment scenarios.

The post Unveiling the Blueprint of 5G: A Comprehensive Guide to Key 3GPP Specifications appeared first on TelecomGrid.

Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

5G Around the World: Unveiling the Global Deployment Landscape

Sun, 05/05/2024 - 01:01

The promise of 5G – blazing-fast speeds, ultra-low latency, and revolutionized connectivity – has captivated the tech world for years. But where do we stand today in terms of global deployment? Buckle up, because we’re diving into the dynamic landscape of 5G rollout across the globe.

As of April 2024, GSAcom reports that 308 commercial 5G networks have been launched worldwide. This signifies a significant increase in deployment compared to earlier reports, highlighting the accelerating pace of 5G adoption. Here’s a glimpse into the 5G deployment landscape by region.

Asia-Pacific: This region leads the pack with the most widespread 5G deployments, primarily utilizing low-band and mid-band frequencies. Countries like South Korea and China are frontrunners in this space. The undisputed champion, South Korea boasts the world’s most extensive 5G coverage and user penetration. With aggressive network build-outs and early consumer adoption, the country serves as a model for others. Not far behind, China is rapidly expanding its 5G infrastructure. This massive market prioritizes standalone (SA) networks, offering greater flexibility and future-proofing capabilities.

North America: The US is playing catch-up, focusing on mid-band deployments in major cities. However, rural areas often lack coverage. Similarly, Canada is making strides but faces challenges in infrastructure investment.

Europe: European countries like Finland, Sweden, and Germany are witnessing steady progress, with a focus on mid-band frequencies for wider coverage. However, uniformity across the continent remains a work in progress.

Latin America and Africa: These regions are in the early stages of 5G deployment, with spectrum auctions and initial network rollouts underway.

Emerging markets like India and Brazil are making significant strides in 5G spectrum auctions and initial network deployments. However, affordability and infrastructure development remain hurdles.

While the current landscape reflects uneven progress, the global 5G story is far from over. With continued advancements in technology, strategic investments in infrastructure, and a focus on efficient spectrum utilization, 5G has the potential to bridge the digital divide, empower individuals and industries, and unlock a new era of hyper-connected experiences.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

NextNav Unveils Dual-Track Approach: Complementing GPS with Additional Spectrum for Broadband

Sat, 05/04/2024 - 22:59

NextNav, a provider of next-generation GPS (Global Positioning System) positioning and timing services, has announced a new vision for the future of positioning and communication. The company proposes leveraging additional spectrum in the lower 900 MHz band to not only enhance GPS but also create opportunities for expanded broadband services.

NextNav’s plan involves petitioning the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to reconfigure the lower 900 MHz band. This reconfiguration would enable the deployment of NextNav’s terrestrial positioning service, Pinnacle, as a high-quality complement and backup to GPS. Pinnacle utilizes existing cellular infrastructure, making it a cost-effective and widely accessible solution.

NextNav’s proposal highlights the following key points:

  • Enhanced GPS Reliability: Pinnacle would provide a reliable and accurate terrestrial positioning service, mitigating vulnerabilities associated with GPS, such as jamming or signal degradation.
  • Broadband Spectrum Creation: Reconfiguring the band would unlock 15 MHz of spectrum ideally suited for low-band 5G deployments, furthering mobile network capacity and speeds.
  • Cost-Effective Solution: Leveraging existing cellular infrastructure makes Pinnacle a cost-effective alternative to building entirely new positioning networks.
  • Focus on Incumbent Protection: The proposal prioritizes protecting the operations of existing licensed users in the band.

The company recently completed a successful trial with the Department of Homeland Security showcasing Pinnacle’s capabilities in GPS-denied environments. Additionally, NextNav has secured agreements for additional spectrum in the lower 900 MHz band, demonstrating its commitment to this vision.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

RADCOM to Provide SaaS Service Assurance Solution on AWS to a U.S. Operator

Thu, 05/02/2024 - 23:43

A U.S. telecom operator has extended its contract to use RADCOM ACE Service Assurance to drive quality and ensure superior customer experiences. As part of this contract extension, RADCOM ACE will run on Amazon Web Services (AWS) as a Software-as-a-Service (SaaS).

Deploying RADCOM ACE on AWS will enable this operator to achieve high levels of automation and flexibility when using their assurance solution to gain real-time insights into the network and user experience. This allows the operator to adapt quickly to network changes, ensuring excellent customer experiences and delivering top-quality services.

RADCOM ACE leverages its cloud-native architecture to efficiently integrate with multiple AWS services as it processes the operator’s network data, presents critical insights, and automates changes. The migration from a private cloud environment to a SaaS model on AWS addresses the operator’s need to reduce cost and focus its engineering resources on highly technical tasks. The telecom operators’ experience and usage of RADCOM’s Service Assurance platform was a crucial consideration in selecting the solution for its network migration to AWS, as it helps engineering teams maintain consistency in service quality, measured and ensured by RADCOM ACE.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

A Look at the Evolving 6G Core Network and its Differences from 5G

Thu, 05/02/2024 - 23:26

While 5G primarily focused on boosting network speeds and capacity, 6G aims to transform the core network into a truly intelligent and adaptable platform. This blog delves into the evolving landscape of the 6G core network, exploring its key differences and potential advancements compared to 5G. Here’s what sets them apart:

Network Slicing Evolution:

  • 5G: Network slicing allows operators to create virtual networks within the physical infrastructure, catering to specific needs (e.g., low-latency for AR/VR, high-bandwidth for IoT).
  • 6G: 6G envisions ultra-flexible network slicing, enabling dynamic creation and modification of slices based on real-time requirements. This allows for on-demand resource allocation and service provisioning, catering to diverse and ever-evolving applications.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the Core:

  • 5G: While 5G utilizes some AI for network optimization, it’s not deeply integrated into the core.
  • 6G: The 6G core network is envisioned to be AI-driven. AI algorithms will handle network management, resource allocation, and anomaly detection, enabling autonomous decision-making and self-healing capabilities for a more proactive and efficient network.

Distributed Cloud Architecture:

  • 5G: The 5G core network is primarily centralized, with core network functions located in specific physical locations.
  • 6G: 6G is expected to adopt a distributed cloud architecture, with core network functions distributed across various locations at the network edge. This approach reduces latency and improves scalability, catering to the demands of geographically dispersed applications and services.

Enhanced Security:

  • 5G: 5G incorporates strong security features, but the ever-evolving threat landscape demands constant improvement.
  • 6G: 6G security will likely build upon 5G’s foundation, incorporating advancements like quantum-resistant cryptography and zero-trust security models to address future security challenges in a hyper-connected world.

Integration with New Technologies:

  • 5G: 5G is primarily designed for mobile broadband communication.
  • 6G: 6G aims to seamlessly integrate with emerging technologies like satellite communication, blockchain, and next-generation Internet of Things (IoT) applications, creating a truly converged network infrastructure.

The development of the 6G core network is a global collaborative effort involving researchers, network operators, and equipment manufacturers. While specific functionalities are still under development, the focus areas described above paint a picture of a future network that is:

  • Highly Adaptable: Able to cater to diverse and ever-evolving user needs and applications.
  • Intelligent and Automated: Leveraging AI for proactive network management and self-healing capabilities.
  • Secure and Scalable: Utilizing cutting-edge security protocols and a distributed architecture for robust and adaptable network infrastructure.
  • Converged: Seamlessly integrating with new technologies to create a unified communication and data exchange ecosystem.

The 6G core network promises a fundamental shift in how we connect and interact with the digital world. By fostering innovation in network architecture, security, and AI integration, 6G paves the way for a truly intelligent and adaptable communication infrastructure, ready to support the ever-growing demands of a hyper-connected future. As the technology matures, we can expect further advancements and exciting possibilities that will redefine how we experience the digital world.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

Nokia and Vodafone Complete Open RAN Trial in Italy on Live 5G Standalone Network

Wed, 05/01/2024 - 00:13

Nokia and Vodafone have successfully completed an end-to-end Open RAN trial on Vodafone Italy’s live 5G standalone network. The trial utilized Nokia’s AirScale Massive MIMO radios and Nokia’s baseband software running on Dell PowerEdge XR8000 servers and Red Hat OpenShift, an industry leading hybrid cloud application platform powered by Kubernetes, connected to Nokia’s standalone dedicated 5G core. It also used Nokia’s intelligent MantaRay Networks Management system for a consolidated network view and improved monitoring and management.

Nokia is supporting Open Fronthaul features on top of its high-performance RAN software which ensures mobile operators have performance consistency with their existing RAN. Nokia has already integrated with five open radio unit (O-RU) suppliers highlighting the openness and industry-leading performance of Nokia’s AirScale O-RAN DU/CU. The solution offers operators enhanced flexibility, efficiency, and scalability in their mobile networks. By integrating with Red Hat OpenShift, service providers also have the option to scale their 5G network footprint and quickly introduce new services.

Vodafone aims to have 30 percent of its masts based on Open RAN technology by 2030 in Europe and is already deploying the technology commercially. This includes 2,500 Open RAN sites in the UK, the first large-scale deployment in Europe, as well as in Romania. By partnering with key strategic vendors like Nokia, Vodafone is pioneering the wider adoption of open, disaggregated, and automated networks, providing greater agility to quickly adopt and launch innovative new customer-focused services.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

Nokia and Anterix Showcase 3GPP B106 Data Call

Sun, 04/28/2024 - 14:45

Nokia and Anterix have announced the successful completion of the B106 data call at Nokia’s Lab in Dallas, Texas. The companies collaborated following the standardization of B106 in 3GPP Release 18 to widen the options for chipsets and devices to support private wireless use cases for utilities. By continuing to invest in enhancing private wireless solutions for the utility market, Nokia and Anterix are making it easier for energy suppliers across the United States to adopt private LTE/5G networks.

Following the standardization of B106 in 3GPP Rel 18, Nokia integrated this technology into its AirScale Radio portfolio. Enabling B106 paves the way for a broader device ecosystem, including Cat-M devices which can be ideal for utility use cases. Nokia’s AirScale Radio capabilities can be leveraged to enable the coexistence of legacy B8 and B106 devices and ensure seamless migration for existing customers to B106.

Anterix is the largest holder of licensed spectrum in the 900 MHz band (896-901/935-940 MHz) throughout the contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. It enables the deployment of utility mission-critical applications on 900 MHz private wireless networks, with the ability to extend over long distances.

Adoption of 5G can help utilities take advantage of future key features to support use cases, such as optimizing grid performance and automating smart grids, with more stringent network performance requirements helping to extract more value from their investment in the network.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

Machine Learning for Mobile Network Service Degradation

Sun, 04/28/2024 - 01:36

In today’s hyper-connected world, maintaining a seamless mobile network experience is paramount. Service disruptions can be frustrating for users and costly for operators. This is where machine learning (ML) steps in, offering a powerful tool to predict and prevent service degradation before it impacts users.

4G LTE, 5G Mobile networks generate a vast amount of data – cell tower metrics, user activity logs, and network performance indicators. Manually sifting through this data to identify potential issues is a daunting task. However, ML algorithms can analyze this data and identify patterns that might lead to service degradation.

Several ML techniques are well-suited for this task:

  • Supervised Learning: Here, the model is trained on historical data labeled with instances of service degradation. This allows the model to learn the characteristics that precede service disruptions and predict future occurrences. Common algorithms for this include Support Vector Machines (SVMs) and Random Forests.
  • Unsupervised Learning: This approach identifies hidden patterns in unlabeled data. Techniques like K-Means clustering can be used to group network behavior into different categories, potentially revealing anomalies that could lead to service disruptions.
  • Time Series Forecasting: This method analyzes historical network performance data over time to predict future trends. This can help identify potential bottlenecks or resource limitations before they cause problems. Techniques like Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks are particularly adept at handling time-series data.

Building a Service Degradation Prediction System

  1. Data Collection and Preprocessing: Gather relevant network data, clean it for inconsistencies, and format it appropriately for the chosen ML algorithms.
  2. Feature Engineering: Extract meaningful features from the raw data. These features could include cell tower load, signal strength, user traffic patterns, and historical network performance metrics.
  3. Model Training: Divide the data into training and testing sets. Train the chosen ML model on the training data, allowing it to learn the relationships between features and service degradation.
  4. Model Evaluation: Evaluate the model’s performance on the testing data. Metrics like accuracy, precision, and recall help assess how well the model can predict service degradation.
  5. Real-Time Monitoring and Alerting: Deploy the trained model to analyze real-time network data. When the model detects signs of potential service degradation, it triggers alerts to network engineers, allowing them to take corrective action before user experience is affected.

Benefits of using ML for Service Degradation Prediction:

  • Proactive Maintenance: Identify and address potential issues before they escalate into service disruptions.
  • Improved Network Efficiency: Optimize resource allocation and network performance based on predicted future needs.
  • Enhanced Customer Experience: Minimize service disruptions and maintain network quality.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Data Quality: The accuracy of predictions is highly dependent on the quality and completeness of the training data.
  • Model Explainability: While ML models can be highly accurate, understanding the rationale behind their predictions can be challenging. This is important for network engineers to take appropriate corrective actions.
  • Continuous Learning: Network dynamics can change over time. Regularly retraining the model with new data is crucial to maintain its effectiveness.

Machine learning offers a powerful solution for predicting service degradation in mobile networks. By leveraging its capabilities, network operators can proactively address potential issues and ensure a consistently high-quality user experience for their customers. As ML technology continues to evolve, we can expect even more sophisticated techniques to emerge, further enhancing the reliability and efficiency of mobile networks.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

Telecom Weekly Roundup: Net Neutrality Wins, 6G Research Heats Up, and Broadband Expansion Takes Center Stage

Sat, 04/27/2024 - 11:40

This week in telecom was a whirlwind of activity, with significant developments in net neutrality, 6G research, and broadband access initiatives. Here’s a quick breakdown of the top news:

Net Neutrality Back in the Spotlight (US):

In a landmark decision, the FCC voted to reinstate net neutrality regulations, reversing the 2017 repeal. This move ensures a level playing field for internet traffic, prohibiting ISPs from throttling or prioritizing specific content. This victory for open internet advocates is likely to be met with legal challenges from the broadband industry.

Broadband Expansion Efforts Gain Momentum:

States are taking the lead in addressing the digital divide. California is exploring the creation of a statewide internet authority to improve infrastructure and affordability. Meanwhile, Maine is looking at public-private partnerships to expand broadband access in rural areas. These efforts highlight the growing focus on bridging the gap between those with internet access and those without.

6G Research Gets a Cloud Boost:

Nvidia made waves with the unveiling of its cloud-based 6G research platform. This platform provides researchers with a virtualized environment for testing and experimenting with next-generation wireless technologies. This collaborative approach has the potential to accelerate 6G development and pave the way for even faster and more reliable network connections.

Beyond the Headlines:

  • T-Mobile Strengthens Grip: T-Mobile’s acquisition of Lumos, a fixed wireless access provider, strengthens its position in the US market. This consolidation move has implications for competition and service offerings.
  • Open RAN Testing Gains Traction: Collaborations are pushing for open interfaces in cellular networks (Open RAN). This promotes competition in equipment vendors and potentially leads to more innovative and cost-effective broadband solutions.
  • EU Warns Against Telecom Mergers: Antitrust concerns are being raised in the European telecom landscape. Regulators are urged to carefully examine potential mergers to ensure healthy competition and prevent consumer harm. pen_spark

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

Korean Air Showcases a Comprehensive UAM Operations Demonstration with 5G

Sat, 04/27/2024 - 03:18

Korean Air, in collaboration with Hyundai Motor Company, Korea Telecom (KT), Incheon International Airport Corporation (IIAC), and Hyundai Engineering & Construction, successfully completed a comprehensive urban air mobility (UAM) operations demonstration, a goal set for the first phase of the Korean Urban Air Mobility (K-UAM) Grand Challenge. The demonstration was conducted over five weeks from March 11 at Goheung Aviation Test Center in South Jeolla Province.

Korean Air successfully validated its comprehensive urban air mobility (UAM) system by utilizing a 5G aviation communication network that links the electric vertical take-off and landing (e-VTOL) aircraft with the UAM operating systems. Leveraging the airline’s extensive operational expertise, Korean Air demonstrated the reliability and effectiveness of its in-house developed proprietary UAM Operation Control System and Traffic Management System. These systems collectively ensure safe and efficient urban air travel.

During the demonstration, Korean Air conducted ten scenarios, including normal and abnormal situations, in which it tested the functionality and performance of the operating systems. The data collected from these scenarios will be analyzed to enhance the systems and ensure safe UAM operations in high-density urban environments.

The airline signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT), Incheon International Airport Corporation, and the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) on February 22, 2023, to test the feasibility of comprehensive UAM operations in Korea. Korean Air will continue to engage in various UAM initiatives, and work to validate and enhance government-established UAM concepts and procedures to develop the UAM ecosystem in Korea.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom

FCC Reinstates Net Neutrality Protections in Landmark Decision

Fri, 04/26/2024 - 02:53

In a 3-2 vote along party lines, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has restored net neutrality rules, effectively reclassifying broadband internet service as a Title II telecommunications service. This decision reverses the FCC’s 2017 repeal of net neutrality regulations, a move that sparked widespread public outcry and legal challenges.

Net neutrality prohibits internet service providers (ISPs) from throttling, blocking, or prioritizing specific content online. This ensures all internet traffic is treated equally, regardless of its source or destination. Proponents of net neutrality argue it fosters innovation and competition on the internet, while opponents claim it stifles investment in broadband infrastructure.

The new ruling gives the FCC the authority to:

  • Prohibit ISPs from blocking or throttling lawful internet traffic.
  • Prevent ISPs from creating “fast lanes” for content providers who pay a premium.
  • Protect consumers’ ability to choose how they access the internet.

The decision is likely to face legal challenges from the broadband industry. However, internet rights advocates are celebrating the victory. Public Knowledge, a digital rights group, called it “a win for millions of Americans who depend on an open internet.”

The FCC will now begin the process of crafting new net neutrality rules. This includes defining specific prohibitions for ISPs and outlining enforcement mechanisms.

The reinstatement of net neutrality marks a significant development in the ongoing debate over internet regulation. It remains to be seen how the broadband industry will respond and whether the new rules will withstand legal scrutiny. However, today’s decision sends a clear message: the FCC is committed to protecting an open and accessible internet for all Americans.

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Categories: 3GPP, 5G, LTE, Telecom