5G NG-RAN Architecture

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gNB Central Unit (gNB-CU): a logical node hosting RRC, SDAP and PDCP protocols of the gNB or RRC and PDCP protocols of the en-gNB that controls the operation of one or more gNB-DUs. The gNB-CU terminates the F1 interface connected with the gNB-DU. 

gNB Distributed Unit (gNB-DU): a logical node hosting RLC, MAC and PHY layers of the gNB or en-gNB, and its operation is partly controlled by gNB-CU. One gNB-DU supports one or multiple cells. One cell is supported by only one gNB-DU. The gNB-DU terminates the F1 interface connected with the gNB-CU.

The NG-RAN consists of a set of gNBs connected to the 5GC through the NG interface.

An gNB can support FDD mode, TDD mode or dual mode operation.

gNBs can be interconnected through the Xn interface. 

A gNB may consist of a gNB-CU and one or more gNB-DU(s). A gNB-CU and a gNB-DU is connected via F1 interface.

One gNB-DU is connected to only one gNB-CU.

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